Primula veris: N.O. Primulaceae
Herb Peter. Paigle.
Peggle. Key Flower. Key of Heaven.
Fairy Cups.Petty Mulleins. Crewel. Buckles. Palsywort.
Plumrocks. Mayflower. Password.Artetyke. Drelip.
Our Lady's Keys. Arthritica. (Anglo-Saxon) Cuy
Many of the Primrose tribe possess active
the Cowslip and the Primrose, this family
includes the little Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis),
as truly a herald of warm summer weather as the Primrose is of spring.
The botanical name of the order, Primulacece,
is based on that of the genus Primula, to
which belong not only those favourite spring flowers of the
country-side, the Primrose, Cowslip, and their less common relative the
Oxlip, but also the delicately-tinted greenhouse species that are such
welcome pot plants
for our rooms in mid-winter.
Linnaeus considered the Primrose,
Cowslip and Oxiip to be but varieties of one
species, but in this opinion later botanists have not followed him,
all essential points they are identical.
Part Used Medicinally. The
yellow corolla is alone needed, no st.ilk or green
part whatever is required,
only the yellow part, plucked out of the
roots and the flowers have somewhat of the odour of Anise, due to their
containing some volatile oil identical with Mannite. Their
acrid principle is Saponin.
Cowslip flowers were in great request for homelv remedies,
value lying in
strengthening the nerves and the brain, and relieving
restlessness and insomnia. The Cowslip
was held good “…to ease paines in the head and is
next with Betony,
the best for that purpose.”
Cowslip Wine made from the
flowers is an excellent sedative. Also, 1 lb.
of the freshly gathered blossom, infused in 1½ pint of
boiling water and simmered down with
loaf sugar to a fine yellow syrup, taken
with a little water is admirable for
giddiness from nervous debility or from previous nervous excitement,
syrup was formerly given against Palsy.